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Alternative Energies
See other Alternative Energies Articles

Title: Solar Panels Generate 300 Times More Toxic Waste Than Nuclear Reactors
Source: DailyCaller
URL Source: http://dailycaller.com/2017/07/01/s ... c-waste-than-nuclear-reactors/
Published: Jul 1, 2017
Author: Andrew Follett
Post Date: 2017-07-02 15:51:20 by Tooconservative
Keywords: None
Views: 807
Comments: 8

Solar panels create 300 times more toxic waste per unit of electricity generated than nuclear power plants, according to a Thursday report from the pro-nuclear group Environmental Progress (EP).

The report found that solar panels use heavy metals, including lead, chromium and cadmium, which can harm the environment. The hazards of nuclear waste are well known and can be planned for, but very little has been done to mitigate solar waste issues.

“The problem with waste from solar is that it isn’t handled as well as nuclear waste,” Dr. Jeff Terry, a professor of nuclear physics involved in energy research at the Illinois Institute of Technology, told The Daily Caller News Foundation. “There are two types of waste from solar. Waste from the manufacturing scene and waste from the solar panel after it has gone through its useful life. There are materials in those that if they leached out, it wouldn’t be good.”

Terry said that waste from solar panels will quickly become a far bigger problem than nuclear waste, because power grids need dramatically more solar panels to generate the same amount of electricity as a nuclear reactor.

“The magnitude of the waste problem from solar is a lot larger than nuclear just because of energy density,” Terry said. “Per pound of waste generated, you get so much more power from nuclear. You need a lot more material to generate from solar and wind than you do from nuclear.”

Another expert worries that scientists and engineers have considerably more experience dealing with radioactive waste from nuclear reactors, but very little experience dealing with solar waste.

“All forms of energy create byproduct waste materials from their initial construction, operation, and eventual disposal,” Lake Barrett, former deputy director of the Department of Energy’s Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management, told TheDCNF. “Society has over 50 years of exhaustive scientific experience with safely managing and technical disposal of nuclear waste, but very little knowledge of renewable energy waste management and disposal.”

Terry said that solar panels use hazardous materials like sulfuric acid and toxic phosphine gas in their manufacturing. Recycling these materials is extremely difficult and the panels have relatively short operational lifespans.

“The chemical processing involved in manufacturing solar panels is significant,” Terry said. “Right now, we’re just offshoring it and placing the waste problem onto other people.”

Solar panels can’t be stored in a landfill easily without potentially contaminating the area and breaking the panels down for recycling is an extremely labor-intensive and unprofitable process.

“If you just throw a solar panel in a landfill, it’ll break down and cause issues,” Terry said. “People just aren’t dealing with solar waste yet and nobody has a real plan on what to do with these panels after they start coming off of houses. With nuclear, they entirely plan out how to use the waste and it is factored in.”

Solar panels are enormously difficult to dispose of or recycle. Japan is already scrambling for ways to reuse its mounting inventory of solar panel waste, which is expected to exceed 10,000 tons by 2020 and eventually grow to 800,000 tons per year by 2040. Additionally, most governments that heavily support solar power don’t require manufacturers to collect and dispose of solar waste.

Barrett also pointed out that nuclear waste with the greatest radiation hazard decays fairly quickly, while solar panel waste can remain in the environment for a much longer period of time.

“Nuclear wastes are radioactive and radioactivity is often scary to those who do not understand it,” Barrett said. “With time, nuclear wastes naturally decay away to benign levels in a few hundred or few thousand years. Heavy metal wastes, as often found in renewable energy wastes, never decay away and can remain toxic in the environment forever.”

In comparison, nuclear waste can often be reused, either as fuel for nuclear reactors or in medicine.

“Most of nuclear waste isn’t real waste as it can be reprocessed into reactor fuel,” Terry said. “The U.S. has actually demonstrated that before with the EBR-2 reactor. You’re never going to recover 100 percent of the uranium or plutonium, but you can get back a tremendous amount. Fission products are also useful for other things like radio-pharmaceuticals.”

There are currently 1.4 million solar energy installations in the U.S., many of which are nearing the end of their 25-year-long lifespans. Governments haven’t done nearly as much to handle solar waste as nuclear waste.

“Nuclear waste is the most regulated waste in the history of mankind,” Barrett said. “Very detailed USNRC [U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission] and USEPA [U.S. Environmental Protection Agency] regulations and standards have been developed requiring very stringent limits to protect public health and safety and the environment out to one million years in the future. No other waste form has such protective requirements.”

Some research indicates that solar panels aren’t even an effective way of reducing greenhouse gas emissions, which is the entire justification to promote the technology.

The net impact of solar panels actually temporarily increased carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, due to how much energy is used in their construction, a study published in December 2016 concluded. The solar industry has been “a temporary net emitter of greenhouse gas emissions,” and more modern solar panels have a smaller adverse environmental impact than older models. Scientists estimated that by 2018 at the latest, the solar industry as a whole could have a net positive environmental impact.

Federal data suggests that building solar panels significantly increases emissions of the potent greenhouse gas nitrogen trifluoride (NF3), which is 17,200 times more potent than CO2 as a greenhouse gas over a 100 year time period. NF3 emissions have increased by 1,057 percent over the last 25 years. In comparison, U.S. carbon dioxide emissions only rose by about 5 percent during the same time period.


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#1. To: Tooconservative (#0)

It's hard for me to get past the first few paragraphs.

Solar panels create 300 times more toxic waste per unit of electricity generated than nuclear power plants, according to a Thursday report from the pro-nuclear group Environmental Progress (EP).

Obviously it's a pro-nuke source, but at least that's made clear up front.

The report found that solar panels use heavy metals, including lead, chromium and cadmium, which can harm the environment. The hazards of nuclear waste are well known and can be planned for, but very little has been done to mitigate solar waste issues.

No, the hazards of nuke waste have not been planned for. Waste is simply stockpiled at the plants in question, with no plan for final disposal. Prospects of storing waste in supposed geographically stable locations have been met with severe political opposition. As long as the waste just sits at the nuke plants in question, there's no present issue, but the potential for an earthquake or terrorist theft (or false flag terrorist theft) is ever present.

“The problem with waste from solar is that it isn’t handled as well as nuclear waste,” Dr. Jeff Terry, a professor of nuclear physics involved in energy research at the Illinois Institute of Technology, told The Daily Caller News Foundation. “There are two types of waste from solar. Waste from the manufacturing scene and waste from the solar panel after it has gone through its useful life. There are materials in those that if they leached out, it wouldn’t be good.”

Whatever the harm of these materials, it's far more treatable than is nuclear spillage of any sort. If man doesn't take care of it, nature will in relatively short order, perhaps in a few years or few decades at worst. Nuke waste, on the other hand, will take nature hundreds of thousands if not millions of years to deal with, and there is no technological means of dealing with a nuke spill other than shoveling up the real estate and dumping it elsewhere, or burying it under hundreds of thousands of tons of contrete, neither of which is a real solution.

Fukushima is the epitomy of the potential harm of nuke waste, and it's just one nuke plant of hundreds. Unfortunately, there will be more like it. It's just a matter of time.

I am not universally opposed to nuke power. Fusion is far safer, as are supposedly, Thorium fission reactors. THAT is the future of nuke power. Uranium fission is a huge liability we cannot get away from too soon.

Pinguinite  posted on  2017-07-02   16:12:17 ET  Reply   Trace   Private Reply  


#2. To: Pinguinite (#1)

No, the hazards of nuke waste have not been planned for. Waste is simply stockpiled at the plants in question, with no plan for final disposal. Prospects of storing waste in supposed geographically stable locations have been met with severe political opposition. As long as the waste just sits at the nuke plants in question, there's no present issue, but the potential for an earthquake or terrorist theft (or false flag terrorist theft) is ever present.

As a major policy challenge, Trump would do well to finally force Nevada to accept the waste they agreed to. We spent $15 billion on that site. They wanted the jobs and the money spent in Nevada but then played legal dodgeball to get out of accepting actual waste despite the fact that the site is almost ideal for waste. This was part of some shady deal between 0bama and Harry Reid. Trump should put an end to that and make Nevada live up to its obligation.

Whatever the harm of these materials, it's far more treatable than is nuclear spillage of any sort. If man doesn't take care of it, nature will in relatively short order, perhaps in a few years or few decades at worst. Nuke waste, on the other hand, will take nature hundreds of thousands if not millions of years to deal with, and there is no technological means of dealing with a nuke spill other than shoveling up the real estate and dumping it elsewhere, or burying it under hundreds of thousands of tons of contrete, neither of which is a real solution.

There isn't that huge a volume of extremely hazardous waste. There is a fairly large amount of medium- and low-hazard waste. And most of these nuclear materials do not have an extremely long half-life. One of the reasons we store a lot of it at nuclear plants (because Nevada is still blocking our federal disposal site) is because it isn't very dangerous at all if it is merely contained.

However, these heavy metals like lead and cadmium are toxic and will hang around literally forever.

Fukushima is the epitomy of the potential harm of nuke waste, and it's just one nuke plant of hundreds. Unfortunately, there will be more like it. It's just a matter of time.

Fukushima was a General Electric plant, standard design for the early Sixties. It is a mistake to compare Fukushima or Chernobyl to modern reactors. It's apples and oranges.

We know a lot more now, have much better nuclear plants that, for instance, are passively cooled. Fukushima and Chernobyl were massive meltdowns largely because they required active cooling which needed working pumps that were powered by external power stations. Modern passively cooled plants do not have this problem.

We should get rid of the old plants which require active cooling and replace them with modern passively cooled plants, built with more concern for the impact of war or terrorism on them. I think new nuke plants should all be built underground, a few hundred feet or so.

Tooconservative  posted on  2017-07-02   17:11:31 ET  Reply   Trace   Private Reply  


#3. To: Pinguinite (#1) (Edited)

Agreed.

The technology to recycle the metals from solar panels will be developed. Automating the labor intensive aspects is a matter of time.

Anthem  posted on  2017-07-02   17:18:55 ET  Reply   Trace   Private Reply  


#4. To: Tooconservative (#2)

We should get rid of the old plants which require active cooling and replace them with modern passively cooled plants, built with more concern for the impact of war or terrorism on them. I think new nuke plants should all be built underground, a few hundred feet or so.

Which would raise the cost.

Two issues I have a hard time with:

1. Federal subsidies for Nuke insurance. Let them pay market costs and see where they are positioned then. I didn't vote for Reagan in '80 because he supported AEC subsidies, and this was right after WHOOPS f'd up WA.

2. No matter whether it is mildly or hugely toxic, the waste is both a political and technical problem that doesn't scale. We are having a hard time with the amount we generate now.

Anthem  posted on  2017-07-02   17:26:10 ET  Reply   Trace   Private Reply  


#5. To: Tooconservative, Toxic Tree Huggers (#0)

The report found that solar panels use heavy metals, including lead, chromium and cadmium, which can harm the environment. The hazards of nuclear waste are well known and can be planned for, but very little has been done to mitigate solar waste issues.

IMO there are similar problems with batteries from electric cars.

The greenies are destroying the planet!


The D&R terrorists hate us because we're free, to vote second party

"We (government) need to do a lot less, a lot sooner" ~Ron Paul

hondo68  posted on  2017-07-02   17:31:05 ET  Reply   Trace   Private Reply  


#6. To: hondo68 (#5)

IMO there are similar problems with batteries from electric cars.

China has areas that are totally toxic lithium and rare earth byproducts lakes.

BBC: The dystopian lake filled by the world’s tech lust

Tooconservative  posted on  2017-07-02   19:07:58 ET  Reply   Trace   Private Reply  


#7. To: Pinguinite (#1)

It's hard for me to get past the first few paragraphs.

Solar panels create 300 times more toxic waste per unit of electricity generated than nuclear power plants, according to a Thursday report from the pro-nuclear group Environmental Progress (EP).

It may be hard to believe but the saviour industries are vast polluters, when you add the long payback period for a solar installation it becomes a zero sum gain. You may think the argument is biased but nuclear is actually the lowest CO2 and greenhouse gas polluter and with breeder reactors there is little waste but it is not politically attractive thus you won't find your local politicians in favour of it

paraclete  posted on  2017-07-02   22:16:31 ET  Reply   Trace   Private Reply  


#8. To: Tooconservative, Pinguinite, hondo68, Paraclete (#2)

1,800 tons of radioactive waste has an ocean view and nowhere to go

h/t Horse @ 4um

Anthem  posted on  2017-07-03   6:46:06 ET  Reply   Trace   Private Reply  


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