[Home]  [Headlines]  [Latest Articles]  [Latest Comments]  [Post]  [Mail]  [Sign-in]  [Setup]  [Help]  [Register] 

Frustrated by Trump's lack of leadership, Ivanka & Jared plot Washington exit

United Airlines President Says If You're Uncomfortable In Coach, It's Your Own Fault

Shia vs. Sunni: The Schism Western Politicians Don’t Understand and Won’t Discuss

Violent Tyrant Rodrigo Duterte Says His Soldiers May Rape Women

Trump Administration Seeks To Deny Gun Rights To Non-Violent “Criminals”

MINUTES FROM MASS MURDER Suicide bomber Salman Abedi caught on CCTV in lift to Manchester Arena wearing £300 Nike trainers with his hand on trigger of homemade device moments before killing 22 innocent concert-goers

A Danger to the World: It's Time to Get Rid of Trump

Merkel vs Trump: German leader warns that Europe can no longer rely on Donald's America and says its leaders must take 'destiny into our own hands' after stormy G7 Summit

Scoop: Trump tells confidants U.S. will quit Paris climate deal

Mississippi shooting: 8 dead, including deputy; suspect says 'I ain't fit to live'

Milton Friedman: The Rise of Socialism is Absurd

President Trump congratulates himself as he recounts his ‘home run’ overseas trip to U.S. troops in Italy

Reports: At Least Three Anti-Trump Leakers Identified, Referred to Proper Authorities, Expected to Be Fired Soon

Poland to EU: We won’t be blackmailed into taking your refugees

Merkel Mad: Donald Trump Declines to Endorse Paris Climate Agreement

Trump of Arabia

How Worried Should Jared Kushner Be?

BREAKING NEWS - Jared Kushner 'wanted secret communications channel between Trump's transition team and the Kremlin using Russian diplomatic facilities in the US'

Kushner wanted secure line with Kremlin before inauguration

US Plans First Ever (fake NORK) ICBM Intercept Next Tuesday

BOOM! Egypt launches air strikes against Islamic militants in Libya over attack on Christians!

I can no longer have Yahoo as my main page.

Author: John Lennon ‘Murdered by CIA-trained Killer to Stop ex-Beatle Radicalising Youth’

A Soft Coup: Is it already a Fait Accompli?

Two White Women Forced to Close Burrito Shop Because of “Cultural Appropriation”

Law Enforcement 'Training And Expertise' On Parade!

Alaska Cops Fight for the Right to Sexually Exploit Prostitution Suspects

Video shows deputies forcibly removing elderly woman from train station seat

Meet the Real Jared Kushner

NBC Confirms Jared Kushner Is Now Focus of Russia Investigation

Asteroid worth $10,000 quadrillion ‘could transform global economy’

UPDATE 2-House panel chairman says FBI declines for now to meet request for Comey-linked documents

4th Circuit Court Ruling Keeps Trump's Travel Ban On Hold

Obama gets rock-star welcome in Berlin, praises Merkel

Labour Manchester Mayor Says Suicide Bomber ‘Not a Muslim’

The GOP Hypocrisy Hall of Fame

Obama Praises Globalism in Berlin: ‘We Can’t Hide Behind a Wall’

Advertisers Begin to Pull Ads From Fox News' 'Hannity'

Mark Zuckerberg’s Group Says Amnesty Makes America “Safer”

VIDEO: Muslim aggression in Germany, whips cameraman, I’ll f**k you mother … everything. Believe me”

UK Government Harbored Terrorists Linked to Manchester Blast for Decades

Donald Trump Applauds Philippine Drug Crackdown

Cop Rips Out Window, Beats Driver, Arrests Family, for Asking Why He Was Stopped

16-Year-Old Commits Suicide After School Cop Threatens Him with Child Porn Charges

The Only Thing, Historically, That's Curbed Inequality: Catastrophe

Farewell to OPEC

Isis tests chemical weapons on 'human guinea pigs', secret documents reveal

Media prepare for ... chance that Trump-Russia probe reveals --- 'nothing'

UN “Education” Agency Staffers Seek Probe of Communist Chief

Get Ready to Unpack for Airport Security


Status: Not Logged In; Sign In

Historical
See other Historical Articles

Title: Douglass’ Role in the Civil War
Source: [None]
URL Source: http://www.frederick-douglass-heritage.org/role-in-civil-war/
Published: Feb 13, 2017
Author: Frederick Douglass Heritage The Official
Post Date: 2017-02-13 19:03:07 by A K A Stone
Keywords: None
Views: 81

“A war undertaken and brazenly carried for the perpetual enslavement of the colored men, calls logically and loudly for the colored men to help suppress it.”

Growing political tensions over the spread of slavery started a decade before the beginning of the war. As a preamble to the Civil War, between 1854 and 1861, there were a series of violent political confrontations known as Bloody Kansas or Bleeding Kansas as a result of the Kansas-Nebraska Act. The conflict arouse primarily on the subject of Kansas being accepted into the Union as a slave-free or slave state. The election of Abraham Lincoln as president in 1860 and the of Republican Party’s determination to stop the spread of slavery, left southerners feeling threatened of what they considered was their Constitutional right to own slaves.

When the Civil War began in 1861 Douglass began advocating for black soldiers to be included in the Union Army. As a natural sequence of events, Douglass believed that free blacks from the north had the responsibility to fight for the Union. One of the reasons for the Civil war was that the South wanted secession from the Union to maintain the highly profitable slavery system; therefore they were fighting for the abolition of slavery in the country. Participating in the war was a way for black freedmen to prove their bravery and to show to be worthy of American citizenship by risking their lives for their country. Likewise, the Union would benefit by having more man power to fight the south.

Douglass advised President Lincoln that black freedmen were willing to fight in the Civil War. However, President Lincoln and other political leaders were unsure as to the consequences of enlisting African American soldiers to fight alongside white soldiers. For two years Douglass wrote endlessly in his publication, Douglass Monthly, in letters to influential friends and communicated his views in public speaking gatherings, about the importance of enlisting African American troops.

Not until the Emancipation Proclamation on January, 1863 were African Ameican men allowed to enlist. As soon as he got orders to start recruiting for the 54th Massachusetts Regiment his sons, Charles and Lewis, were one of the first ones to enroll. His oldest son, Frederick, worked recruiting soldiers. Frederick Douglass traveled thousands of miles attending recruiting conferences and talking about the responsibility of black freedmen in the American Civil War. He had gained notoriety for his efforts to end slavery and for his public speaking skills, he was a well respected, self made man who many young men admired. His recruitment efforts were highly successful as regiments quickly filled up. Among the best known articles he wrote in Douglass Monthly are “Another Word to Colored Men”, “Why should a Black Man enlist?” and “Men of Color to Arms”.

At the beginning of their enlistment in the Army black soldiers were assigned non-military and low responsibility jobs such as cleaning and manual labor. They received lower pay than white soldiers. They were paid $10 per month with a $3 deduction for the cost of their uniforms while white soldiers got paid $13 per month with no deduction for uniforms. The Union gradually realized of the importance of black soldiers and in June 1864 Congress leveled their salary to that of white soldiers and made it retroactive. As the war continued black troops took on more responsibility and eventually made up 9 to 12 percent of the Union Army. Close to 200,000 black soldiers served in the Civil War and close to 40,000 perished.

The U.S. government policy towards blacks and their citizenship evolved over the civil war years and by the end of the war the U.S government was ready to give them citizenship. Congress passed the Fourteenth Amendment on June 1866. It granted citizenship to blacks and guaranteed due process and equal protection under the law to all citizens regardless of race or religion.

The years that followed were the reconstruction years, restoring national unity among the north and the south was the goal of the President Andrew Johnson.

Post Comment   Private Reply   Ignore Thread  


[Home]  [Headlines]  [Latest Articles]  [Latest Comments]  [Post]  [Mail]  [Sign-in]  [Setup]  [Help]  [Register] 

Please report web page problems, questions and comments to webmaster@libertysflame.com